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Niobe
National Museum Wales, Cardiff
William Woollett (1735-1785) after Wilson
Niobe
Published 1761
Engraving and etching on laid paper
497 x 628 mm (sheet size)
19 9/16 x 24 11/16 in. (sheet size)
NMW A 11412
E11
Niobe is at the centre, clutching a small child to her and looking upwards to the clouds on the right, where Apollo and Artemis fire arrows at her children. Several are already dead or wounded; the others, on the left, are attempting to escape. There is a mass of broken trees on the far right, a fortress and stormy seas with lightning flashes on the left.
[An impression] Free Society of Artists 1762 (205); Tercentenary 2014 (90)
Unrecorded but acquired by the museum before 1969
Lettered below image:
[1] Upper left: Richard Wilson Pinxit
[2] Upper centre: I.Boydell excudt.
[3] Upper right: William Woollett sculpsit.
[4] Lower centre: NIOBE. | Published according to Act of Parliament by J. Boydell Engraver in Cheapside; London 1761.
[5] Lower left: See Ovids Metamorphos. Page. 17.
[6] Lower right: Size of the Picture 6 Feet 3 In. Long | 4 Feet 10 In. Deep.
[1] Upper right, pencil: 48213
The subject is taken from Ovid's Metamorphoses, Book 6, lines 144-312. Niobe, daughter of Tantalus and Queen of Thebes, is punished for having dared to suggest, because she had seven sons and seven daughters, that she was superior to the goddess Leto (or Latona). Apollo and Artemis, children of Leto, killed all of Niobe's offspring in revenge and she herself wept until she was turned into stone.
D355 Recumbent Male Nude, National Museum Wales, Cardiff
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Further impressions are at Bristol Museum & Art Gallery (Ma1565) and the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris
P90 The Destruction of the Children of Niobe, Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection, New Haven
After the first Society of Artists exhibition in 1760, John Boydell commissioned Woollett to engrave Wilson's acclaimed submission, P90 The Destruction of the Children of Niobe, Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection, New Haven, together with three of the other most celebrated landscapes of the exhibition, including a Phaeton. For engraving Niobe Woollett was offered the unprecedented fee of 100 guineas, supplemented by two payments of £25 as the complexity of the project was revealed. The print was finally offered to subscribers in October 1761 and exhibited at the Free Society in 1762. A laudatory poem by John Lockman in The Public Advertiser emphasised the significance of the print, of Woollett and of Boydell in raising the reputation of the British school of engraving. Niobe brought Boydell profits of about £2,000, unprecedented for an engraving after a landscape by a British artist. It sold well in France, enabling Boydell to import French prints in exchange.
387 A pts
John Lockman, The Public Advertiser, 5 November 1761; Jones 1803, p. 19; Fagan 1885, p. 19, cat. XLII, 5th State; WGC, p. 161, notes with pl. 19a; R.T. Godfrey, Printmaking in Britain, Oxford, 1978, pp. 43-45; Clayton 1997, pp.186, 188-89; Layfield 2010, pp. 29-32; Wilson and Europe 2014, p. 276; A Griffiths, The Print before Photography, 2016, pp. 73, 291-292, repr.
Image size 436 x 583 mm (17 1/4 x 23 in.); plate size: 485 x 612 mm (19 x 24 in.) Mounted on tissue strips all round. Trimmed close to the platemark.