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The Temple of Peace, Rome
The Trustees of the British Museum
Richard Wilson (1713/14-1782)
The Temple of Peace, Rome
c.1752-54 (undated)
Black and white chalk on buff paper
268 x 406 mm
10 5/8 x 16 in.
The view extends from under the shadow of a wide arch of the temple to villas and gardens lying in the sunlight beyond. A great white cloud can be seen in the sky. Two women and a child are in the foreground with other figures further off and a beggar by the wall of the temple on the left.
British Museum 1936 Canaletto to Constable (unnumbered); BM 1969 (107)
Purchased from A.E. Evans & Sons, 403 Strand, London, July 1859
Unsigned; no inscription
Verso invisible - laid down
The Temple of Peace was the common name for the forum built by the Emperor Vespasian. It was a favourite with artists of the time, including Piranesi.
E32 Michael Angelo Rooker after Wilson Temple of Peace, 1776, Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection, New Haven and other impressions
Francis Towne Roman Landscape, watercolour, 1795, Gorringe's Auctions, Lewes, 25 February 2015 (1173)
Perhaps drawn on the spot. As noted by Bethany McIntyre and Charlotte Topsfield, Wilson's adoption of an unconventional viewpoint beneath the wide coffered arch allowed him to create sharp contrasts between the foreground shadows and the sunlit gardens beyond. In style and format D104 is closely comparable with the series of drawings of Roman views executed by Wilson for Lord Dartmouth in 1754.
Binyon 11
Some staining