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The Temple of Clitumnus, with the Cows drinking from the Spring of Clitumnus, near Spoleto, Umbria
Private Collection, Italy
Richard Wilson (1713/14-1782)
The Temple of Clitumnus, with the Cows drinking from the Spring of Clitumnus, near Spoleto, Umbria
c.1755 (undated)
Oil on canvas
47.6 x 73 cm
18 3/4 x 28 3/4 in.
Private Collection, Italy
P65
Wilson described the essence of this view as 'the scenery taken from the long famed [Temple of] Clitumnus, near the once mystic temple of Juno which I have herein restored from its state in ruins, as seen near the source gently cascading into the streamlet, from whence flows that classic river. The period of time described produces the effects of those lights which succeeds the dawn of day, interspersed with the vapours and subdued tints that accompany the moprning atmosphere.'
Christie's, London, 3 December 2008 (176), bt by current owner
Unsigned
The setting is a temple supposedly once the sanctuary of the god, Clitumnus, near Spoleto in Umbria, which was converted into a Christian church in the 4th century. A.D.stands besides the source of a spring from which rises the river also known as Clitumnus.
E8 Giuseppe Vasi after Wilson, Veduta del Tempio, e Fiume del Clitunno nello Stato presente, The British Museum
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[1] J.M.W. Turner, Wilson Sketchbook, 1796-97, p. pp. 78-79, Tate, London