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National Museum Wales, Cardiff
William Woollett (1735-1785) and William Ellis (1747-1810) after Wilson
Etching and engraving on laid paper
552 x 441 mm
21 3/4 x 17 3/8 in.
NMW A 11004
A sheltered pool is shown surrounded by rocky banks with a weeping willow on the left. There are two monks on the bank to the right, one sitting against a tree reading, and other monks can be seen praying around a cross erected in front of a small building, almost hidden in a forest in the background.
Given by Major F. Treharne James, 1920
Lettered below the image:
[1] Lower left: Richd. Wilson pinxt.
[2] Lower right: Etched by W. Woollett and W. Ellis 1777
[1] Unidentified mark lower right centre next to lettering
Later states have lines from James Thomson's The Seasons: Summer added (1730 edition, lines 439-447, slightly modified ; 1746 edition, lines 513-521; later editions, lines 516-524):

'Still let me pierce into the midnight Depth
Of yonder Grove, of wildest, largest Growth:
That, forming high in Air a woodland Quire,
Nods o'er the Mount beneath. At every Step,
Solemn, and slow, the Shadows blacker fall,
And all is awful listening Gloom around.
These are the Haunts of Meditation,
These the Scenes Where antient Bards th'inspiring Breath,
Extatic, felt: and from this World retir'd'.
D359 Solitude, Study for a Picture, c.1762, The British Museum (1881,0212.3)
E57 Christian Duttenhofer after Wilson,Solitude, Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection, New Haven
See 'Links' tab
P114 Solitude - I, Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea
P114A Solitude - I, National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin
P114B Solitude - I , Private Collection Ireland
P115 Wilson and Studio, Solitude - II, National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
The composition is very close indeed to that of the Duttenhofer print E57.
Old Accession Number: 20.490
1920.4 Gift
Booth Notes Doc. 4; Booth Notes Doc. 7; Edwards 1808, p. 88; Fagan 1885, p. 45, cat. XCIX, 2nd State
2nd state - before main lettering