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Bay of Baiae - Temple of Venus
Victoria & Albert Museum, London
Richard Wilson (1713/14-1782)
Bay of Baiae - Temple of Venus
c.1752-54 (undated)
Black chalk on grey paper, slightly washed with Indian ink, and heightened with white
252 x 412 mm
9 7/8 x 16 3/16 in.
DYCE.647
D271
A view of a ruined hexagonal building near a lake with a wood in the background, a group of four figures in the foreground and others beyond
Bequeathed by the Revd Alexander Dyce 1869
Unsigned; inscribed in black ink lower right: 647
The so-called Temple of Venus at Baiae was built in the reign of the Emperor Hadrian (117-137 AD). It was actually a thermal bath, reaching down to about six meters below the modern ground level.
E64 William Pengree Sherlock after Wilson, River, Sea-Coast and circular Ruin ('Morning'), The British Museum (1873,0809.1415) and other impressions
E72/14 Thomas Hastings after Wilson, Temple of Venus with Part of the Bay of Baiae, The British Museum (1854,0708.71) and other impressions
E72/40 Thomas Hastings after Wilson, Landscape (River, Sea Coast and circular Ruin), The British Museum
E73 Samuel William Reynolds after Wilson, Morning, The British Museum (1879,0614.334) and other impressions
P92 An Italian Landscape (Morning) Classical Landscape, Private Collection, England
P92A River, Sea Coast and circular Ruin, Private Collection, England
P92B An Italian Landscape, Morning (River, Sea-Coast and circular Ruin) (The Temple of Venus at Baiae), Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection, New Haven
Ford noted the accuracy with which Wilson has drawn the architectural details of the monument. He also noted that the temple 'somewhat altered in shape, is the subject of a picture owned by T. Hastings, and etched by him in 1821.' [E72/14]
DYCE COLLECTION. A Catalogue of the Paintings, Miniatures, Drawings, Engravings, Rings and Miscellaneous Objects Bequeathed by The Reverend Alexander Dyce, London : South Kensington Museum, 1874; Ford 1951, pp. 57-58, no. 44; WGC, pp. 107, 197, pl. 74b