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Capriccio Landscape with Lake, Castle and Hills
Collection of Richard L. Feigen
Richard Wilson (1713/14-1782)
Capriccio Landscape with Lake, Castle and Hills
1751-52 (undated)
Oil on canvas
58.5 x 73.7 cm
23 x 29 in.
P42
BI 1814 (159/163 An Italian Scene, lent Rev. Dr. Marlow); London, Royal Academy, 1964 European Masters of the eighteenth Century (114); Kenwood 1974 (145); London, Cardiff and New Haven, 1982-83 (61); New York 2010 (3)
Perhaps sold by Wilson to Mr Benson, tutor of Ralph Howard; Revd Dr Michael Marlow, President of St John's College, Oxford; Mrs Marlow; her nephew, the Revd G.T. Clare, Bainton Rectory, Driffield, Yorkshire; 1862 sold to A. Coventry, Edinburgh for 180 gns; his great-nephew, Commander Creighton-Maitland; 1948 with Thomas Agnew & Sons London; Peter Temple; 2010 with Feigen New York
A capriccio or imaginary view, the kind of subject often painted by Wilson
The composition and style and handling are much indebted to 18th century Venetian art, notably that of Marco Ricci (1676-1730). This is probably the result of Wilson's stay in Venice in 1751 and the opportunity it afforded to study the Riccis in the collection of the British Consul, Joseph Smith. As pointed out by David Solkin, the style is also close to the two banditti subjects painted for Ralph Howard in early 1752 (P51 & P50) and like them may have been painted shortly after the artist's arrival in Rome. According to the Revd G.T. Clare (see provenance) William Beckford 'was much pleased witrh this painting.'
Ford 1952, pp.307-8, fig.8; WGC, p.204, pl. 84a; Solkin 1982, p. 179