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Lake Albano and Castelgandolfo
Courtesy of National Museums Liverpool
Richard Wilson (1713/14-1782)
Lake Albano and Castelgandolfo
Oil on canvas
75.5 x 100 cm
29 3/4 x 39 3/8 in.
Lake Albano appears in the middle distance with the banks rising steeply from it. In the foreground to right and left are groups of trees, between which sit a Madonna-like woman with a child, and a man drawing or reading. Disappearing over the edge of a hill, a man on a white pony leads a donkey by its halter. Across the lake a path slants down the face of the cliff, which is surmounted by the town of Castelgandolfo.
RA 1774 (74)?; London 1925 (17); Manchester 1925 (17); Brussels 1929 (197); Paris 1953 (92); Rotterdam 1955 (67); Montreal 1957 (74)
James Orrock (1829-1913), 48, Bedford Square, London; William Hesketh Lever (1st Baron Leverhulme from 1917); transferred from his private collection to the Lady Lever Art Gallery, 1922
Signed 'RW.' on stone lower centre [monogram, the R reversed]
Castelgandolfo was and remains the summer residence of the popes. It was built for Urban VIII (1623-44) to the designs of Carlo Maderna. The site of the ancient town, Alba Longa, is nearby and Pompey and Domitian, among other celebrated ancient Romans, built villas on the shore of the lake.
D163 Lake Albano and Castel Gandolfo, Victoria & Albert Museum
D312 Castel Gandolfo; A View of the Town from across the north end of Lake Albano, with a Shepherd in the Foreground, Private Collection
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[1] Claude Lorrain Pastoral Landscape with Lake Albano and Castel Gandolfo, oil on copper, 1639, Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge
[2] Jonathan Skelton, Lake Albano and Castel Gandolfo, watercolour, 1758, Whitworth Art Gallery, The University of Manchester
[3] Jacob More (1740-1793), Lake Albano with Castelgandolfo, The Fleming Collection, London
[4] Joseph Wright of Derby Albano, 1790, National Museum Wales, Cardiff (NMW A 109)
[5] J.-B.-C. Corot, Lake Albano and Castel Gandolfo, oil on paper, 1826-28, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Bury 1947, pl. 28; Ford 1951, p. 61 under no. 66, WGC, p. 191, pl. 64b; Egerton 1990, pp. 185-86
Kate Lowry has noted: Oil on canvas, relined. Dark foliage masses and clouds are Dutch in style. Severe drying cracks in lake and some mature cracks in centre sky, possibly due to reworking by the artist. Brown reserve for foliage visible upper left.