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Ariccia II
Collection of the Earl of Pembroke, Wilton House, Wilts.
Richard Wilson (1713/14-1782)
Ariccia II
c.1760 (undated)
Oil on canvas
47.7 x 73.7 cm
18 3/4 x 29 in.
90
P87
A tree trunk lies across a stream. In front of it a drover herds his goats. Buildings are seen in the wooded background.
Birmingham 1948-9 (54 as A Fallen Tree Across a Stream); London 1949 (53); London, Cardiff and New Haven 1982-83 (75)
Probably bought by Henry, 10th Earl of Pembroke (d. 1794); thence by descent
Signed on milestone at left: RW [monogram, the R reversed]
Competently painted but the foliage colours are differentiated for Wilson.
Located between the lakes of Nemi and Albano on the Via Appia Nuova, southeast of Rome, Ariccia was celebrated for its groves, thought to have been the hunting-grounds of the goddess Diana. The area had been a haunt of Gaspard Dughet (1615-1675).
D53/73 Studies and Designs done in Rome in the Year 1752, p. 73 - Study of a fallen Tree, 1752, Victoria & Albert Museum, London
P87A is a detail of P87 (both Wilton House collection paintings) with some variations on the right hand side of the composition. See 'Links' tab
This painting differs from P46A Ariccia I, Private Collection, England in having a shepherd with sheep on the road and a fallen tree trunk right. This flock and drover are similar to those depicted in P61 The Tomb of the Horatii and Curiatii in the same collection. However the lighting effect on the motif in the far left distance through the trees is entrancing and typical of Wilson.
WGC, p. 194, pl. 68b; S. Pembroke, A Catalogue of the Paintings and Drawings in the Collection at Wilton House, Salisbury, Wiltshire, 1968, p. 36, cat. 90; Solkin 1982, pp. 191-92
Ariccia
P61, P87 and P87A together with a pastoral by Francesco Zuccarelli form part of a set of four paintings at Wilton House in identical carved and gilded wooden frames. George Richardson in his 'Aedes Pembrochianae' (London 1774) mentions a 'Landscape by Wilson', which could be any of the first three.

Cleaned in 1936 and 1965. Relined 2006 by Richard Watkiss.
11/02/2016