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An Italian River Scene, with the Temple of Clitumnus and Ruins, two Figures and Cows
Collection of Richard L. Feigen
Richard Wilson (1713/14-1782)
An Italian River Scene, with the Temple of Clitumnus and Ruins, two Figures and Cows
c.1755 (undated)
Oil on canvas
49 x 73.7 cm
19 1/4 by 29 in.
P65B
Wilson described the essence of this view as 'the scenery taken from the long famed [Temple of] Clitumnus, near the once mystic temple of Juno which I have herein restored from its state in ruins, as seen near the source gently cascading into the streamlet, from whence flows that classic river. The period of time described produces the effects of those lights which succeeds the dawn of day, interspersed with the vapours and subdued tints that accompany the morning atmosphere.' The actual setting is a temple supposedly once the sanctuary of the of Clitumnus, near Spoleto in Umbria, which was converted into a Christian church in the 4th century A.D. It stands besides the source of a spring from which rises the river also known as Clitumnus.
SA 1761 (136) as companion to The Bridge at Rimini; probably BI 1814 (152/155 A Landscape or 153/156 A View near Rome; BI 1824 (176); BI 1844 (164); Leeds 1868 (1189 - Landscape - Sunset, lent the Right Hon. W.E. Gladstone); Birmingham 1948-49 (4 lent by T.W. Bacon); London 1949 (3); New York 2010 (5)
Probably James Paine; his sale, Christie's 14 June 1814 (82) along with the Bridge at Rimini (83); Mr Gray of Leadenhall Street; John Hawkins (c.1758-1841), Bignor Park, Sussex; his son, John Heywood Hawkins; Christopher Henry Thomas Hawkins, 10 Portland Place London; his executors' sale Christie's 11 May 1896 (27), bt McLean (£20); by 1948 Thomas Walter Bacon (1863-1950); F.T. Bacon; Sotheby's 14 June 2001 (8), bt Richard L. Feigen, New York
The setting is a temple supposedly once the sanctuary of the god Clitumnus, near Spoleto in Umbria, which was converted into a Christian church in the 4th century.
E8 Giuseppe Vasi after Wilson, Veduta del Tempio, e Fiume del Clitunno nello Stato presente, The British Museum
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[1] J.M.W. Turner, Wilson Sketchbook, 1796-97, p. pp. 78-79, Tate, London
Bacon Collection 115
WGC, pp. 82, 109, 197, pl. 75b