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River and Farmhouse - I (River with Lime Kiln)
The Earl of Egremont, Petworth House, Sussex / Photograph by Matthew Hollow
Richard Wilson (1713/14-1782)
River and Farmhouse - I (River with Lime Kiln)
After 1757 (undated)
Oil on canvas
41.9 x 52.1 cm
16 1/2 x 20 1/2 in.
654
P35B
Two trees stand in the left foreground with two figures under them. In the centre on the far bank is a low building with a tall chimney; there are two boats in the water to the right. High ground is in the left distance but to the right is flat country with distant hills.
At Petworth by 1854
Unsigned; no inscription
The sky is undifferentiated and thinly painted. The tree seems crude in upper sections and the brown leaves on the left are suspect. The boats are rather unarticulated but the tiny spots of white for the distant sheep seem authentic.
E72/18 Thomas Hastings after Wilson, Italian Scenery, The British Museum (1854,0708.75) and other impressions
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This and two other versions cited by Constable, including P35A, differ from P35 in the Victoria & Albert Museum in details and in the figures, such as the boy leaning against the tree, the woman wearing a shawl and hood and a dog which is substituted for the third figure. The clothing and attitudes of the figures are thus far removed from those of Zucarelli and have assumed a more northern character, making it probable that this and the other versions were painted later, perhaps in England.
Waagen 1854, vol. 3, p. 39, Letter XXIII, Petworth: 'A landscape of great transparency, with still water; this picture breathes a peaceful feeling of nature which is most attractive'; Collins Baker 1920, p. 135 - 'River Scene with Lime Kiln; WGC p. 216, pl.103a (version 2)
Much bituminous impaction in lower left corner. Kate Lowry has noted: Glue relined. Paint in sky rather worn, leaving pale grey ground exposed, especially at upper left. Foreground rocky shore and distant fields are executed with some impasto and are convincing as Wilson, as are the details of men in boats on river and the way the paint of the sky is pulled down to the horizon.