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Tomb of the Horatii and the Curatii, near Albano, Italy
Gloucester City Museum and Art Gallery
Richard Wilson (1713/14-1782)
Tomb of the Horatii and the Curatii, near Albano, Italy
Oil on canvas
50.5 x 70.4 cm
19 7/8 x 27 3/4 in.
The tomb is on the Via Appia Nuova, just beyond Albano on the way to Ariccia. The road is shown at the left with a coach and horses passing along it in a cloud of dust and figures disappearing onto the woodland. Only two of the tomb's towers now survive. Here it is shown standing on sandy ground, with a standing woman and seated man before it. A goatherd with his dog and a flock of goats cross the foreground from the left and there are trees behind the tomb and in the background.
Gloucester 2014 (unnumbered); Croome 2019
Stanley Marling; bequeathed to Gloucester City Museum and Art Gallery, 1963
Unsigned; no inscription
The work is circumstantial compared with those in P61 in the collection of the Earl of Pembroke, Wilton House. There is a pentiment of a second shepherd with a staff. The dark purple tones of the dust cloud and the related area are uncharacteristic of Wilson. The figures in the foreground are small and unconvincing and the background figures and coach are ambiguous.
The tomb near Albano is in the Etruscan manner, a massive cube originally surmounted by five obtuse cones of which two are still standing.
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Thomas Barker of Bath, The Tomb of the Horatii and Curiatii, 1792, National Museum Wales, Cardiff (NMW A 454)
As noted by Constable, the trees on the right and the tomb itself are larger in proportion than in P61 and P61B and the flock of goats is more prominent.
WGC, pp. 203-4 pl. 82b (Version 1)
The tomb provided the model for at least two 18th century garden structures in Britain
Dimensions framed: 67.5 x 90.7 cm. Treated by Miss E. Hamilton-Eddy, 1976. Kate Lowry has noted: Goatherd figure has a pentiment indicating a change of position. Figures in the distance are not well-defined. Foliage of tree against sky is quite fiddly for Wilson but sky is painted down to foliage which is typical. Under UV light retouching is visible around foliage at upper right and there is a large retouched tear in tree left of centre.