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Villa of Maecenas at Tivoli (from Twelve Original Views in Italy)
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
Michael 'Angelo' Rooker (1746-1801) after Wilson
Villa of Maecenas at Tivoli (from Twelve Original Views in Italy)
Published 29 January 1776
Etching
Sheet: 248 x 343 mm; plate: 184 x 257 mm
Sheet: 9 3/4 x 13 1/2 in.; plate: 7 1/4 x 10 1/8 in.
B1977.14.21011(l)
E43
View into the cavernous interior of an ancient ruin at the right, over the vast arches of which grow bushes and drooping plants. Two figures are seen standing in the right foreground and there are antiquities leaning against the wall at the left, with a landscape beyond.
Tercentenary 2014 (113)
Acquired 1977
Lettered below the image:
[1] Upper left: R. Wilson del.
[2] Upper right: M. Rooker sc.
[3] Centre: VILLA of MAECENAS at TIVOLI.
The entrance to one of the colossal arcaded galleries of the Sanctuary of Hercules the Victor at Tivoli, then thought to be the Villa of Maecenas.
D130 Wilson, The Villa of Maecenas at Tivoli, The British Museum
E72/37 Thomas Hastings after Wilson, Part of Mecenas' Villa at Tivoli, The British Museum
E88 Thomas Abiel Prior after Wilson, Ruins in Italy, National Museum Wales, Cardiff
See 'Links' tab
P137 Wilson, The Villa of Maecenas at Tivoli, Tate, London
P137A Wilson, The Villa of Maecenas at Tivoli, Gloucester City Museum and Art Gallery
P137B Wilson, Study at Maecenas' Villa, Tivoli, Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth
P137C Studio of Wilson, The Villa of Maecenas at Tivoli (Ruins at the Villa of Maecenas, Tivoli), Magdalen College, Oxford
P137D Wilson, The Villa of Maecenas at Tivoli, Private Collection, USA
P137E Studio of Wilson, Villa Maecenas, Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario
P185 Wilson, Farm with a Pond, National Museums Northern Ireland Collection Ulster Museum
This etching derives from Wilson's painting of the same subject now at Tate, London (P137). He paired the latter with P138 The West Belvedere of Hadrian's Villa, Tivoli (Tate, London and many other versions) and this, too, was etched by Rooker (E42). Twelve Original Views in Italy was published by John Boydell as a compilation of etchings by different printmakers, produced over a number of years, after Wilson's drawings or paintings. As Jonathan Yarker has noted Rooker's prints after Wilson were popular with the next generation of English landscape painters and were copied, for example by Thomas Girtin at the 'academy' of Dr Thomas Monro in the mid-1790s.
Object ID: 49690
Booth Notes Doc. 7; Edwards 1808, p. 88; Wilson and Europe 2014, p. 292
Wilson came to possess Rooker's copper plate of this etching at the end of his career, a time when he could not afford new supports for pictures. He re-used it for the small painting P185 Farm with a Pond, National Museums Northern Ireland Collection Ulster Museum.
Bound with eleven other 'original views' in an old leather binding with 'Views of Rome' imprinted on the spine but lacking a title page. Spine of the binding: 254 mm (10 in.)