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Solitude
Royal Academy of Arts, London
William Woollett (1735-1785) and William Ellis (1747-1810) after Wilson
Solitude
Published 4 June 1778
Etching and engraving
386 x 529 mm
15 3/16 x 20 13/16 in.
05/2286
E44C
A sheltered pool is shown surrounded by rocky banks with a weeping willow on the left. There are two monks on the bank to the right, one sitting against a tree reading and other monks can be seen praying around a cross erected in front of a small building, almost hidden in a forest in the background.
London 2012 (unnumbered)
Purchased from the executors of Thomas Cadell the younger, 27 March 1844
Signature on flat stone lower right: R W 1764 [?]
Lettered lower left:
[1] 'Painted by Richard Wilson, R.A.'
[2] 'Still let me pierce into the midnight depth
Of yonder Grove, of wildest largest growth
That, forming high in air a woodland quire
Nods o'er the mount beneath. At every step
Solemn, and slow, the shadows blacker fall,
And all is awful listening gloom around.'
Lower centre:
[1] 'SOLITUDE.'
[2] To Sir George Beaumont, Bart,, [Beaumont arms wiith motto, ERECTUS NON ELATUS] this PLATE is Dedicated,
By his obliged humble Servant, William Woollett,
From the original Picture in the possession of Mr. Rob Ledger.
Published as the Act directs, 4 June, 1778; by Wm. Woollett. Engraver to His MAJESTY, Green Str. Leicester Fields, London.'
Lower right:
[1] Engraved by Wm,, Woollett & Wm,, Ellis
[2] 'These are the haunts of Meditation, these
The scenes where ancient bards th'inspiring breath,
Extatic, felt; and from this world retird.
Thomson's Summer, line 516.
Taken from James Thomson's The Seasons: Summer (1730 edition, lines 439-447, slightly modified; 1746 edition, lines 513-521; later editions, lines 516-524)
D359 Solitude, Study for a Picture, c.1762, The British Museum (1881,0212.3)
E57 Christian Duttenhofer after Wilson,Solitude, Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection, New Haven
A further impression is at Bristol City Museum and Gallery (Ma1568)
See 'Links' tab
P114 Solitude - I, Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea
P114A Solitude - I, National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin
P114B Solitude - I , Private Collection Ireland
P115 Wilson and Studio, Solitude - II, National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
The composition is very close indeed to that of the Duttenhofer print E57.
PL003818
Fagan 1885, p. 45, cat. XCIX, 6th State
Conserved 2012 by Emma Cox
28/07/2017