Project Team:

Paul Spencer-Longhurst: Compiler
Peter Thomas: Online Technical Project Consultant
Maisoon Rehani: Picture Researcher/Project Co-ordinator

Technical /Design:

Lee Carney/Howard Crawford/Malcolm Secrett/Matt Secrett/Ben Ritz: iBase Digital Asset Management/online publishing system

Kumar Singaravelou/David Briden: University of London Computer Centre (ULCC) database hosting

Peter Thomas: Front-end/functionality design, dataset structuring, analysis, testing and troubleshooting, working with developers to devise suitable database and front-end design solutions

Matt Lloyd: Logo design

Sean Bowen and Elisabetta Tuan: Mobile device modification.


Mark Box
Christopher Chard
John Hammond
Matthew Hollow
Jerry Hardyman-Jones
Martine la Roche
Richard Lines
David Penman
Antonia Reeve
Studio Edmark Photography


Trev and Drisc Wardle, Two Faces Design: Proof reading and copy editing
Lydia Miller and Alex Gorford: Research assistance

Collection Credits

Abbott and Holder Ltd D337

Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums Collections D310, P59

Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada. Purchase, George Taylor Richardson Memorial Fund, 1986 (29-118) photo credit: Larry Ostrom D353, P137E

Albright Knox Art Gallery, Elizabeth H. Gates Fund, 1950 /Art Resource, NY/Scala, Florence 2014 P84

Anglesey Abbey, National Trust P100, P132, P176A

Image Courtesy of Aspire Auctions, Inc. P144F

Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tamaki, Auckland, New Zealand P139A

Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney P57A

Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide P162A, P165A

The Barber Institute of Fine Arts, University of Birmingham P86

Reproduced by kind permission of His Grace the Duke of Bedford and the Trustees of the Bedford Estates P85, P160

Bermuda National Gallery and the Government of Bermuda: The Hon. Herward T. Watlington Bequest P63A

Birmingham Museums Trust D97, D105B, D247, D282A, D319, D358, E18A, E20B, E56, E73D, E74C, P62B, P71B, P173

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston P90D, P96B, P142C

The Bowes Museum P35A

bpk | Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlung, Munich P88

Bridgeman Art Library (the following also are listed under the relevant collections/owners) D185, D186, D188, D189, D306, D352 NWP86G, P12, P29, P39, P44A, P61, P70A, P76, P77, P78, P78, P79, P80, P98, P101, P116C, P116E, P119, P122, P127, P152, P165B, P168, P179

Royal Pavilion, Libraries & Museums, Brighton and Hove / The Bridgeman Art Library NWP86G

Bristol City Museum and Gallery, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library P127, P168

© The Trustees of the British Museum D5, D6, D40, D55, D68, D70, D74, D81, D82, D83, D84, D85, D86, D87, D88, D89, D90, D91, D98, D99, D100, D101, D102, D103, D104, D105, D106, D107, D108, D108/1, D110, D126, D127, D128, D129, D130, D131, D132, D133, D134, D135, D136, D137, D138, D139, D140, D141, D142, D143, D144, D145, D146, D147, D148 D149, D150, D151, D152, D153, D154, D155, D156, D158, D159, D170B, D187, D187A, D18A, D219, D24, D248, D251, D252/1, D252/2, D253, D254, D255, D256, D257, D263, D264, D268, D269, D270, D325, D326, D339, D343, D359, D361, D373, E1, E2, E3, E3A, E3B, E5, E5A, E8, E9, E11B, E12, E12A, E12C, E13, E14B, E15A, E15B, E16, E17, E18B, E18C, E18D, E19, E20A, E22, E22B, E23, E24B, E25, E26, E26A, E27, E27C, E28, E28B, E29, E29B, E29C, E30, E31A, E31B, E32A, E33A, E35A, E35B, E36B, E37, E38A, E38B, E39B, E40A, E40C, E41A, E41D, E42A, E42B, E42C E43A, E43B, E44B, E46A, E47, E50, E51, E51A, E53, E59, E59A, E59B, E60/1, E60/2, E60/3, E60/5, E60/8, E60/9, E60/10, E60/11, E60/13, E60/14, E60/16, E60/18, E60/19, E60/20, E60/21, E60/22, E60/23, E60/24, E60/25, E60/26, E60/27, E60/28, E60/29, E60/30, E60/31, E60/32, E60/33, E60/34, E60/35, E60/36, E60/37, E60/38 E60/39, E60/40, E60/41, E60/42, E60/43, E60/44, E62, E64, E65, E66, E68, E69, E70, E71/1, E71/2, E71/3, E72/1, E72/2, E72/3, E72/4, E72/16, E73, E73A, E74, E75, E75A, E75B, E78/1, E78/2, E79/1, E79/2, E80, E81, E82, E83, E85, E86, NWE49

Collection of the Duke of Buccleuch & Queensberry KBE P49, P124

The Trustees of Reservations, Archives & Research Center, Castle Hill, Greater Boston P23

The Art Institute of Chicago, The Leonora Gurley Memorial D77, D204, D206, D283, D342, D349, D350, D351, D354, D382, D383

Chirk Castle, National Trust P75

Christie's Images Limited 2014 D312, P13, P62, P91C, P113B, P119A, P123A, P177F

Cleveland Museum of Art, Leonard C. Hanna, Jnr. Fund P179A

Courtesy of Viscount Cobham P9, P91A

Trustees of the Cooper Gallery, Barnsley P120C

The Samuel Courtauld Trust, The Courtauld Gallery, London D195, D196, D197, D198, D199, D200, D201, D279, D305, D346, D347, D381, P86B

Crown Copyright: UK Government Art Collection P15A, P123B

The Detroit Institute of Arts / The Bridgeman Art Library P12

Devonshire Collection, Chatsworth / The Bridgeman Art Library P29

Dulwich Picture Gallery / The Bridgeman Art Library P44A

Dunedin Publc Art Gallery, New Zealand P82A

English Heritage P89B

Reproduced by permission of the Provost and Fellows of Eton College P118B

Faringdon Collection Trust, Buscot Park, National Trust P171

Felbrigg Hall, National Trust P168A

Ferens Art Gallery: Hull Museums / The Bridgeman Art Library P165B

Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge D46, D193, D224, D261A, D320, E6, E22D, E73B, P66C, P164

Coram in the care of the Foundling Museum P18, P19

Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, Photo: Elke Estel/Hans-Peter Klutbaby P146A

Gloucester City Museum and Art Gallery D170A, NWP94B, P46B, P61A, P108A, P137A, P138C, P187

Gloucester City Museum and Art Gallery, on loan to Gloucester Guildhall NWP177E

City & County of Swansea: Glynn Vivian Art Gallery Collection D169, D170, D222, D357, NWP144E, P93, P114

Galerie Hans Hamburg P122D

Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany / The Bridgeman Art Library P101

Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Harvard University Portrait Collection, Gift of Mrs Donald F. Hyde to the Harvard College Library, HNA98/Photo: Katya Kallsen, President and Fellows of Harvard College P43

The Higgins Art Gallery & Museum, Bedford D303

The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens D26, D45, D190, D191, D192, D302, D314, D335, D336, D367, P116

Indianapolis Museum of Art, Gift of Mrs. Charlotte Jackson Baldwin P164A

Photograph courtesy of the National Gallery of Ireland D203, P44, P45, P114A

Johannesburg Art Gallery, Johannesburg P91B

John Mitchell Fine Paintings / The Bridgeman Art Library P70A

Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, Texas P143

Koriyama City Museum of Art (Fukushima Prefecture, Japan) P106A

Leeds Museums and Galleries (Leeds Art Gallery) U.K. / The Bridgeman Art Library D185, D186, D188, D189, D352, P116E

Leicester Museum & Art Gallery, Leicestershire, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library P39, P116C

National Museums Liverpool P127C, P50D, P62A, P71D

Courtesy of the President and Fellows of Magdalen College, Oxford P94A P101A, P105B, P122E, P130, P137C, P138E, P197A

Photograph courtesy of Mallams Fine Art Auctioneers Oxford P197C

Manchester City Galleries P97, P106, P139, P174, P179B

National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Felton Bequest P95E, P120

National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Everard Studley Miller Bequest, 1960 (623-5) P20

Metropolitan Museum New York Rogers Fund, 1906 D334

The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Art Resource/Scala, Florence 2014 D205, D311, P72

Collection of The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. Photo MMFA. F. Cleveland Morgan Bequest P140

Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. Photo MMFA. Purchase, John W. Tempest Fund P146B

The National Gallery, London P110, P111

National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London. Greenwich Hospital Collection P9A

National Portrait Gallery, London E1C, E5B, P17A, P24

Newport Museum and Art Gallery P188A

North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh P11

Norwich Castle Museum E80B, P89

Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery / The Bridgeman Art Library D306

Nottingham Castle Art Gallery and Museum P152A

National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa D380, P56B

Old Westbury Gardens, New York P88A, P138H, P176B

State Art Collection, Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth P137B

Petworth House, National Trust P86A, P91, P95

Philadelphia Museum of Art: The John Howard McFadden Collection, 1928 P10A

Philadelphia Museum of Art: The William L. Elkins Collection, 1924 P122H

Courtesy of Philip Mould & Company P8, P14A

The Pierpont Morgan Library and Museum, New York. III, 42 D162

The Pierpont Morgan Library, New York. 2004.43. Purchased on the Sunny Crawford von Bülow Fund 1978 D307

The Pierpont Morgan Library, New York. 2009.336. The Joseph F. McCrindle Collection D371A

The Pierpont Morgan Library, New York. III, 40 D214

Plymouth City Council (Arts and Heritage) P66D

Image courtesy of Queensland Art Gallery / Gallery of Modern Art / Photograph by Natasha Harth D57

Rhode Island Museum of Art, School of Design, Providence D313, D344

Richard L. Feigen P42, P65, P90E, P131B, P197B

Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam D242, D243

Royal Academy of Arts, London D249, D250, D378, D379, E12B, E13A, E14C, E15C, E20C, E24, E25A, E32C, E33B, E34A, E35C, E36A E37B, E38C, E39A, E40B, E41B, E42D, E43C, E44C, E47A, E55, P147

Russell-Cotes Art Gallery & Museum, Bournemouth P105

The Sarah Campbell Blaffer Foundation, Museum of Fine Arts Houston P145

The Collection of Mr Darryl Saunders, New Orleans P21

National Galleries of Scotland / photography by Antonia Reeve D7, D69 D72, D75, D179, D180, D181, D184, D265, D277, D278, P95B

National Galleries of Scotland / photography by Antonia Reeve. William Findlay Watson Bequest 1881 D1

National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, on loan from the Mrs M Sharpe Erskine Trust P76D

Scottish National Portrait Gallery P17

Museums Sheffield P147A

Shizuoka Prefectural Museum, Shizuoka, Japan P152B

Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton MA P145B

Smithsonian American Art Museum, Bequest of Mabel Johnson Langhorne P164B

Photograph Courtesy of Sotheby's P114B, P122F, P159A, P162B

Southampton City Art Gallery / The Bridgeman Art Library P98

The Trustees of Jane, Lucy and Charles Hoare, Stourhead, Wiltshire, National Trust P127A

Foto: Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart D212

Tate, London 2014 D10, D11, D12, D13, D14, D37, D41, D44, D59, D92, D105A, D119A, D120, D121, D122, D123, D124, D125, D207, D260, D261, D262, D273A, D318, D331, D332, D333, D372, D375, P1, P3, P10, P15, P24B, P28, P37, P46, P57, P58, P71, P89A, P93A, P96A, P104, P116B, P123, P131, P131A, P137, P138, P142B, P153, P155, P163, P178A

The Thaw Collection, The Metropolitan Museum of Art & The Pierpont Morgan Library and Museum/Art Resource/Scala, Florence 2014 P193

Tochigi Prefectural Museum of Fine Arts, Japan P53

The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo P67

Toledo Museum of Art (Toledo, Ohio). Purchased with funds from the Libbey Endowment, Gift of Edward Drummond Libbey. Photographed by Photography Incorporated, Toledo P144

Tyntesfield, National Trust P86C, P95A

National Museums Northern Ireland Collection Ulster Museum P50C, P185

Upton House, National Trust P94

Victoria & Albert Museum, London D8, D31, D52, D53-D53/81, D56, D60, D62, D63, D64, D65, D160, D161, D163, D164, D165, D166, D167, D168, D194, D220, D221, D271, D340, D361A, D362, D366, D369, E11A, E12D, E12E, E14A, E44F, P177A, P177B, P35, P48, P65C, P68

National Museum Wales, Cardiff D3, D20, D25, D28, D30, D54, D109, D111, D112, D113, D114, D115, D116, D117, D118, D217, D218, D258, D259, D322, D327, D328, D329, D330, D345, D355, D356, D374A, E11, E13B E14D, E16A, E17A, E18F, E18G, E20D, E20E, E23A, E24A, E27D, E28C, E29D, E30B, E31C, E32B, E41C, E41E, E42E, E43D, E43E, E44, E44D, E44E, E52, E57/4A, E60/2A, E60/3A, E60/5A, E60/6A, E60/7A, E60/8A, E60/9A, E60/10A, E60/11A, E60/12A, E60/13A, E60/14A, E60/15A, E60/16A, E60/17A, E60/18A, E60/19A, E60/20A, E72/6, E72/7, E73C, E74A, E74B, E75C, E76, E77, E85A, E87, E88, NWP161A, P5, P12D P25, P26, P27, P32, P50, P51, P52, P64, P91D, P105A, P112, P120A, P120B, P123D, P144A, P145A, P14B, P154, P157, P167, P175

The National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth D368, E27B, P31, P65D, P67, P86E, P167A

Walker Art Gallery, National Museums Liverpool / The Bridgeman Art Library P119, P122, P152, P179

National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. Paul Mellon Collection P115, P118

Whitworth Art Gallery, The University of Manchester D309, D317A

Collection of the Earl of Pembroke, Wilton House, Wilts P76B, P87, P87A

Collection of the Earl of Pembroke, Wilton House, Wilts / The Bridgeman Art Library P61, P76, P77, P78, P79, P80

Winnipeg Art Gallery. Gift of Jeremiah J. Nolan. Photo: Ernest Mayer, Winnipeg Art Gallery P15B

Wolverhampton Arts & Heritage, Wolverhampton Art Gallery Collection P178

Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection D4, D15, D16, D21, D39, D61, D93A, D94, D95 D96, D215, D216, D244, D245, D246, D280/0- D280/32, D316, D317, D323, D324, D374, E1A, E14, E15, E18, E18E, E20, E22A, E22C, E27A, E28A, E29A, E30A, E31, E32, E33, E34, E35, E36, E37A, E38, E39, E40, E41, E42, E43, E44A, E46, E53A, E54, E57, E72/1A, P12A, P12B, P24A P47A, P48A, P56, P64A, P76A, P90, P92B, P109, P138B, P165, P166, P182, P186

York Art Gallery / York Museums Trust, presented by F.D. Lycett Green through The Art Fund, 1955 P122A